The how and the when of the social cure: A conceptual model of group- and individual-level mechanisms linking social identity to health and well-being
In this article, we aim at theoretical specification and integration of mechanisms proposed within the Social Identity Approach to Health and Well-being. We differentiate group-level and individual-level effects of shared social identity by distinguishing three different aspects: individual identification, group identification, and perceived group identification. We discuss specific group-level mechanisms (i.e., mutual social support and collective self-efficacy) and individual level-mechanisms (i.e., attribution and appraisal processes regarding stressors and resources) for each of the three aspects. A core conclusion is that the positive effects of shared social identity on health and well-being crucially depend on its close relationship with social support, and that although social support is an interindividual phenomenon, it is intraindividual mechanisms – attribution and appraisal – that shape the psychological partnership between social identity and social support. Therefore, we put special emphasis on cross-level interactions between group- and individual-level mechanisms, which have been widely neglected in earlier research.
Häusser, J.A., Junker, N.M., & Van Dick, R. (in press). The how and the when of the social cure: A conceptual model of group- and individual-level mechanisms linking social identity to health and well-being. European Journal of Social Psychology.