Exploring the mechanisms underlying the social identity – ill-health link: Longitudinal and experimental evidence
There is strong and consistent evidence that identification with social groups is an important predictor of (ill-)health-related outcomes. However, the mediating mechanisms of the social identification–health link remain unclear. We present results from two studies,which aimed to test how perceived social support and collective self-efficacy mediate the effect of social identification on emotional exhaustion, chronic stress,and depressive symptoms. Study 1 (N= 180) employed a longitudinal two-wave design, whereas Study 2 (N = 100) used a field-experimental design with a manipulation of participants’ social identity. Both studies consistently show that social identification was positively related to perceived social support,which,in turn, was positively associated with collective self-efficacy. Collective self-efficacy, finally,was negatively related to ill-health outcomes.
Junker, N.M., Van Dick, R., Avanzi, L., Häusser, J.A., & Mojzisch, A. (in press). Exploring the mechanisms underlying the social identity – ill-health link: Longitudinal and experimental evidence. British Journal of Social Psychology.