• En
  • De
  •  
    Home>Research>Selected articles Print
    Research

    Research

    Selected articles

    The CLBO members have published in leading journals such as in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Applied Psychology, in Science and Nature. Here you can find some selected articles.

     

    Leadership Behaviour and Leader Self-Reported Well-being: A Review, Integration and Meta-Analytic Examination

    Kaluza, A.J., Boer, D., Buengeler, C., & Van Dick, R. (in press).
    Work and Stress. .

    While the link between leadership and follower well-being is well established, less is known about the relation between leaders’ leadership behaviour and their own well-being. Particularly, a systematic integration of existing studies is missing. Based on an integrated framework summarising...

    read more

     
     

    Authoritarian Leadership, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Organizational Deviance: Curvilinear Relationships

    Bodla, A.A., Tang, N., & van Dick, R. (in press).
    Leadership & Organization Development Journal.

    Purpose –This paper examines the relationships between authoritarian leadership, organizational citizenship behavior toward one’s supervisor (OCBS), and organizational deviance. We hypothesized a curvilinear relationship between authoritarian leadership and OCBS, and between authoritarian leadership and organizational deviance. Design/methodology/approach –We analyzed two-source...

    read more

     
     

    Getting older and living up to implicit followership theories: Implications for employee psychological health and job attitudes

    Stegmann, S., Braun, S., Junker, N.M., & Van Dick, R. (in press).
    Journal of Applied Social Psychology.

    Age discrimination at work is a widespread destructive phenomenon that often takes subtle forms. Based on negative stereotypes about older employees, we argue that older employees often experience that they are perceived as less ideal followers than younger employees. We...

    read more

     
     

    Impact of immunosuppression on executive functioning after pediatric liver transplantation. An observational cohort study

    Goldschmidt, I., Van Dick, R., Jacobi, C., Junge, N., Pfister, E. Richter, N., & Baumann, U. (2019).
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

    Objectives: Children after liver transplantation (LTx) show increased rates of impaired cognitive functioning. We aimed to assess the potential effects of immunosuppressive therapy on executive functioning measured by the Children's Colour Trail Test (CCTT) and the cognitive functioning module of the PedsQL(cogPedsQL) in liver transplanted children in order to explore potential...

    read more

     
     

    Coping in the final frontier: An intervention to reduce spaceflight-induced stress

    Monzani, L., Kozusnik, M.W., Ripoll, P., & Van Dick, R. (in press).
    Psychologica.

    Research in human spaceflight has extensively documented how microgravity environments, such as spaceflight across Low Earth Orbit (LEO), affects astronauts’ and Spaceflight Participants’ emotions. However, a more refined understanding of this topic will become especially relevant as national and international...

    read more

     
     

    Construct validity and population-based norms of the German Brief Resilience Scale (BRS)

    Kunzler, A.M., Chmitorz, A., Bagusat, C., Kaluza, A.J., Hoffmann, I., Schäfer, M., Quiring, O., Rigotti, T., Kalisch, R., Tüscher, O., Franke, A.G., van Dick, R., Lieb, K. (in press).
    European Journal of Health Psychology.

    The Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) measures the ability to recover from stress. To provide further evidence for construct validity of the German BRS, to determine population-based norms and to identify potential risk groups, a large sample (N = 1,128)representative of...

    read more

     
     

    Beyond one work day? A daily diary study on causal and reverse effects between experienced workplace incivility and behaving rude towards others

    Vahle-Hinz, T., Baethge, A., & Van Dick, R. (2019).
    European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology

    In this diary study with N = 348 employees, we examine whether the contagion effect of workplace incivility transfers beyond one work day that is whether the experience of workplace incivility is related to showing rude behaviours towards others the...

    read more

     
     

    Exploring the mechanisms underlying the social identity – ill-health link: Longitudinal and experimental evidence

    Junker, N.M., Van Dick, R., Avanzi, L., Häusser, J.A., & Mojzisch, A. (in press).
    British Journal of Social Psychology.

    There is strong and consistent evidence that identification with social groups is an important predictor of (ill-)health-related outcomes. However, the mediating mechanisms of the social identification–health link remain unclear. We present results from two studies,which aimed to test how perceived...

    read more

     
     

    Between a Rock and Hard Place: Combined Effects of Authentic Leadership, Organizational Identification, and Team Prototypicality on Managerial Prohibitive Voice

    Monzani, L., Knoll, M., Giessner, S., Van Dick, R., & Peiró, J.M. (2019).
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology

    Managers are installed by the organization’s stakeholders and shareholders to increase the organization’s value; at the same time, they depend on their subordinates’ acceptance to fulfill this leadership role. If the interest of the organization collides with the interest of...

    read more

     
     

    Identity, importance, and their roles in how corporate social responsibility affects workplace attitudes and behavior

    Van Dick, R., Crawshaw, J.R., Karpf, S., Schuh, S.C., & Zhang, X.-a. (in press).
    Journal of Business and Psychology.

    This paper contributes to growing research exploring employee attitudinal and behavioral reactions to organizational corporate social responsibility initiatives focused on environmental and social responsibility and sustainability. Drawing on social identity theory,we develop and test a moderated-mediation model where employees’ organizational...

    read more

     
     

    Attributions of leaders’ charisma increase after their death: the mediating role of identity leadership and identity fusion

    Van Dick, R., Fink, L., Steffens, N.K., Peters, K., & Haslam, S.A. (in press).
    Leadership.

    In the present research, we replicate previous research showing that death increases attributions of a leader’s charisma and that this is mediated by followers’ perceptions of a connection between the leader and their group (identity fusion). We also extend previous...

    read more

     
     

    Identity and Stress: An application of the expanded model of organizational identification in predicting strain at work

    Ciampa, V., Steffens, N.K., Schuh, S.C., Fraccaroli, F., & van Dick, R. (in press).
    Work & Stress.

    (Deutsch) We contribute to the understanding of the role of organizational identification for work-related stress by adopting the expanded model of organizational identification (Kreiner &Ashforth 2004). The current study exploresinteractions between organizational identification and theother types of identification of the expanded...

    read more

     
     

    Psychosocial outcomes and resilience after paediatric liver transplantation in young adults

    Mayer, K., Junge, N., Goldschmidt, I., Leiskau, C., Becker, T., Lehner, F., Richter, N., van Dick, R., Baumann, U., & Pfister, E.-D. (2019).
    Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology

    (Deutsch) We investigated long-term psychosocial outcomes of young adults after paediatric liver transplantation (LT) with a focus on day-to-day living. We aimed to capture patients' subjective perceptions of well-being and autonomy based on key physical outcome parameters. All consecutive patients after...

    read more

     
     

    Change Leadership – Warum es sich auszahlt…

    Bänke, A.-K., Schuster, C. & van Dick, R. (2018).

    (Deutsch) Zwei Studien zum Einfluss von Change Leadership auf die organisationale Identifikation und positive Verhaltensweisen von Mitarbeitenden im Changeprozess. Eine Leseprobe finden Sie hier. Die Erstveröffentlichung ist in der OrganisationsEntwicklung 3/2018 erschienen (www.zoe-online.org; © Handelsblatt Fachmedien GmbH).

    read more

     
     

    Exploring the social context of self-leadership—Self-Leadership-Culture

    Bracht, E.M., Junker, N.M., & Van Dick, R. (2018).
    Journal of Theoretical Social Psychology

    Self-leadership gains in importance in the context of current organizational changes, like in newly developed agile methods,where leadership is mostly replaced by self-leadership (e.g., in Scrum,see Cohn, 2010). Until now, the concept of self-leadership has focused on individual- or team-level...

    read more

     
     

    A Matter of Time? Challenging and hindering effects of time pressure on work engagement

    Baethge, A., Vahle-Hinz, T., Schulte-Braucks, J., & Van Dick, R. (2018).
    Work & Stress

    (Deutsch) The aim of our research was to test time-exposure effects of time pressure as a stressor typically considered to be a challenge, rather than a hindrance stressor. We examined the within- and between-person effects of time pressure on work engagement...

    read more

     
     

    Identity leadership going global: Validation of the Identity Leadership Inventory across 20 countries

    Van Dick, R., Lemoine, J.E., Steffens, N.K., Kerschreiter, R., Akfirat, S.A., Avanzi, L., Dumont, K., Epitropaki, O., Fransen, K., Giessner, S., Gonzáles, R., Kark, R., Lipponen, J., Markovits, Y., Monzani, L., Orosz, G., Pandey, D., Roland-Lévy, C., Schuh, S.C., Sekiguchi, T., Song, L.J., Stouten, J., Tatachari, S., Valdenegro, D., van Bunderen, L., Vörös, V., Wong, S.I., Zhang, X-a., & Haslam, S.A. (in press).
    Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.

    Recent theorizing applying the social identity approach to leadership proposes a four-dimensional model of identity leadership that centers on leaders’ management of a shared sense of “we” and “us”. The present research validates a scale assessing this model — the...

    read more

     
     

    Age stereotypes in distributed software development: The impact of culture on age-related performance expectations

    Schlögel, U, Stegmann, S., Maedche, A. & Van Dick, R. (2018).
    Information and Software Technology

    (Deutsch) Context: Due to demographic changes in most developed countries,distributed software development (DSD) teams might suffer new barriers above and beyond the well-known cultural and distance-based challenges. Remarkably, six out of the twelve most important barriers for DSD are related to...

    read more

     
     

    How to mobilize social support against workload and burnout: The role of organizational identification.

    Avanzi, L., Fraccaroli, F., Castelli, L., Marcionetti, J., Crescentini, A., Balducci, C., & Van Dick, R. (2018).
    Teaching and Teacher Education

    (Deutsch) Recent theoretical and empirical research outlined the role of organizational identification in the stress process. We provide an empirical test of the social identity model of stress by testing a two-step mediation model of the identification-burnout link. We hypothesize that...

    read more

     
     

    Die Kontakthypothese: Wie Kontakt Vorurteile reduzieren und die Integration Geflüchteter fördern kann

    Landmann, H., Aydin, A., , van Dick, R., & Klocke, U. (2017).
    In-Mind. The Inquisitive Mind Magazin

    (Deutsch) Im Zuge der Flüchtlingsbewegungen taucht immer wieder die Frage auf, wie man eine Willkommenskultur in Deutschland aufbauen und erhalten kann. Die sozialpsychologische Forschung legt nahe, dass eine vergleichsweise einfache Maßnahme – Kontakt – die Einstellung gegenüber Geflüchteten positiv beeinflusst. Wir...

    read more

     
     

    Fremder oder Freund? Unter welchen Umständen sich der Kontakt zwischen Deutschen und Geflüchteten positiv auf das Zusammenleben auswirken kann.

    Aydin, A., Landmann, H., Klocke, U. & van Dick, R. (2017).
    In-Mind. The Inquisitive Mind Magazin

    (Deutsch) Die sozialpsychologische Forschung legt nahe, dass die Migration von mehr Menschen nach Deutschland mittel- und längerfristig dazu führen kann, die Vorurteile der deutschen Mehrheitsbevölkerung zu reduzieren. Die aktuelle Flüchtlingssituation in Deutschland kann daher eine Chance sein, bisher fremde Kulturen und...

    read more

     
     

    Team incentives and performance: Evidence from a retail chain

    Friebel, G, Heinz, M., Krueger, M. & Zubanov, N. (forthcoming).
    American Economic review.

    (Deutsch) In a field experiment with a retail chain (1,300 employees, 193 shops), randomly selected sales teams received a bonus. The bonus increases both sales and number of customers dealt with by 3 percent. Each dollar spent on the bonus generates...

    read more

     
     

    Are you really doing good things in your boss’s eyes? Interactive effects of subordinate innovative behavior and leader-member-exchange on supervisor ratings of job performance

    Schuh, S.C., Zhang, X-a., Ullrich, J., Van Dick, R. & Morgeson, F. (2018).
    Human Resource Management

    (Deutsch) Organizations increasingly depend on employee efforts to innovate. However,the quality of relationships between leaders and employees may affect the recognition that employees receive for their innovative work behaviors. Drawing from a social cognition perspective, we tested a model in which...

    read more

     
     

    Age stereotypes in agile software development – an empirical study on performance expectations

    Schlögel, U., Stegmann, S., Maedche, A. & Van Dick, R. (2018).
    Information Technology & People

    (Deutsch) Purpose– Research on agile software development (ASD) has so far primarily focused on processes and tools. Recently, researchers have started to investigate the social dimensions of ASD. We contribute to this and examine the largely invisible psychological factor of age...

    read more

     
     

    Think manager – think male, think follower – think female: Gender bias in implicit followership theories.

    Braun, S., Stegmann, S., Hernandez Bark, A., Junker, N.M., & Van Dick, R. (2017).
    Journal of Applied Social Psychology

    (Deutsch) Because of the overlap between the social roles of women and followers we predicted that people would favor female followers over male followers.To support this hypothesis, we conducted two studies: An explicit test of the bias using a scenario design...

    read more

     
     

    The impact of a lasting economic crisis on employee attitudes: A follow-up and extension.

    Markovits, Y., Boer, D., Gerbers, S., & Van Dick, R. (2017).
    Athens Journal of Business and Economics

    (Deutsch) This paper presents a follow-up study of Markovits et al.’s (2014) comparison of large samples of Greek employees before and at the onset of the economic crisis. Now at the crisis’ peak, we again sampled data from 450 employees about...

    read more

     
     

    Dying for Charisma: Human inspirational appeal increases post-mortem.

    Steffens, N.K., Peters, K., Haslam, S.A., & Van Dick, R. (in press).
    Leadership Quarterly .

    (Deutsch) In the present research, we shed light on the nature and origins of charisma by examining changes in a person's perceived charisma that follow their death. We propose that death is an event that will strengthen the connection between the...

    read more

     
     

    Beyond pleasure and pain: Observations on real-life facial expressions during extreme emotions

    Wenzler, S., Levine, S., Van Dick, R., Oertel-Knöchel, V., & Aviezer, H. (2016).
    Emotion

    (Deutsch) According to psychological models as well as common intuition, intense positive and negative situations evoke highly distinct emotional expressions. Nevertheless, recent work has shown that when judging isolated faces, the affective valence of winning and losing professional tennis players is...

    read more

     
     

    Reducing age stereotypes in software development: The effects of awareness- and cooperation-based diversity interventions

    Schlögel, U, Stegmann, S., Maedche, A. & Van Dick, R. (2016).
    Journal of Systems and Software

    (Deutsch) Negative age stereotypes about older employees are present across industries and they are especially strong in technology-based jobs. They can hinder cooperation and team processes, which are of utmost importance in software development. This paper proposes and compares two interventions...

    read more

     
     

    Current prescriptions of men and women in differing occupational gender roles

    March, E., Van Dick, R., & Hernandez Bark, A. (2016).
    Journal of Gender Studies

    (Deutsch) The gender roles of masculinity and femininity are considered not only to be descriptive of behaviour, but also to prescribe how men and women should behave. To assess the prescriptive nature of gender roles, previous research asked participants to assign...

    read more

     
     

    The social identity approach to effective leadership: An overview and some ideas on cross-cultural generalizability

    Van Dick, R., & Kerschreiter, R. (2016).
    Frontiers in Business Research in China

    (Deutsch) When employees identify with groups and organizations they work for this typically has positive implications for work-related attitudes and behaviors. The present paper provides a focused overview of the social identity approach to leadership and some ideas on its cross-cultural...

    read more

     
     

    A meta-analytic review of social identification and health in organizational contexts

    Steffens, N.K., Haslam, S.A., Schuh, S.C., Jetten, J., & Van Dick, R. (2017).
    Personality and Social Psychology Review

    (Deutsch) We provide a meta-analytical review examining two decades of work on the relationship between individuals’ social identifications and health in organizations (102 effect sizes, k=58, N=19,799). Results reveal a mean-weighted positive association between organizational identification and health (r=.21, T=.14). Analysis...

    read more

     
     

    It takes two (or three) to tango: The interactive effect of authentic leadership and organizational identification on employee silence intentions.

    Monzani, L., Braun, S., & Van Dick, R. (2016).
    Zeitschrift fuer Personalforschung/ German Journal of Research in Human Resource Management

    (Deutsch) Organizational silence is a state of affairs in which employees refrain from voicing problematic issues at work. It often results from the dilemma between considering the short term interests of the leader, who might perceive voicing problems as disloyal and...

    read more

     
     

    Who Leads More and Why? A Mediation Model from Gender to Leadership Role Occupancy.

    Hernandez Bark, A., Escartin, J., Schuh, S.C., & Van Dick, R. (2016).
    Journal of Business Ethics

    (Deutsch) Previous research has shown that female leaders lead slightly more effective than male leaders. However, women are still underrepresented in higher management. In this study, we seek to contribute to a deeper understanding of this paradox by proposing and testing...

    read more

     
     

    Mixed feelings, mixed blessing? How ambivalence in organizational identification relates to employees’ regulatory focus and citizenship behaviors.

    Schuh, S. C., Van Quaquebeke, N., Göritz, A., Xin, K. R., De Cremer, D., & Van Dick, R. (2016).
    Human Relations

    (Deutsch) Recent conceptual work suggests that the sense of identity that employees develop vis-à-vis their organization goes beyond the traditional notion of organizational identification and can also involve conflicting impulses represented by ambivalent identification. In this study, we seek to advance...

    read more

     
     

    The ideal and the counter-ideal follower –Advancing implicit followership theories

    Junker, N.M., Stegmann, S., Braun, S., & Van Dick, R. (2016).
    Leadership and Organizational Development Journal

    (Deutsch) Research on implicit followership theories – that is, individually held assumptions about how followers are and how they should be – is still in its infancy. The few existing approaches differ in what they define as the object of these...

    read more

     
     

    Organizational Identification and “Currencies of Exchange”: Integrating Social Identity and Social Exchange Perspectives

    Tavares, S., Van Knippenberg, D., & Van Dick, R. (2016).
    Journal of Applied Social Psychology

    (Deutsch) We integrate social exchange and social identity perspectives to propose and test the prediction that depending on their level of organizational identification, people may reciprocate the received organizational support using different “currencies of exchange”—reducing turnover intentions or, instead, engaging in...

    read more

     
     

    Disaggregating within- and between-person effects of social identification on subjective and endocrinological stress reactions in a real-life stress situation.

    Ketturat, C., Frisch, J.U., Ullrich, J., Häusser, J.A., van Dick, R. & Mojzisch, A. (2016).
    Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    (Deutsch) Several experimental and cross-sectional studies have established the stress-buffering effect of social identification, yet few longitudinal studies have been conducted within this area of research. This study is the first to make use of a multilevel approach to disaggregate between-...

    read more

     
     

    Getting everyone on board: The effect of differentiated transformational leadership by CEOs on top management team effectiveness and leader-rated firm performance

    Zhang, X-a., Li, N., Ullrich, J., & Van Dick, R. (2015).
    Journal of Management

    (Deutsch) Drawing on the principles of upper echelons theory and team leadership research and using 101 subsidiary top management teams (TMTs), our study revealed that subsidiary CEO transformational leadership that was focused evenly on every TMT member increased team effectiveness and...

    read more

     
     

    Goodbye or identify: Detrimental effects of downsizing on identification and survivor performance

    Van Dick, R., Drzensky, F., & Heinz, M. (2016).
    Frontiers in Psychology.

    (Deutsch) Research shows that after layoffs, employees often report decreased commitment and performance which has been coined the survivor syndrome. However, the mechanisms underlying this effect remain underexplored. The purpose of the paper is to show that reduced organizational identification can...

    read more

     
     

    The Hidden Costs of Downsizing

    Drzensky, F., Heinz, M. (2015).
    The Economic Journal.

    (Deutsch) We analyse whether a principal's decision to lay off an agent affects the performance of the surviving agents in a laboratory experiment. We find that agents reduce their performance by 43% as a response to the lay-off decision. Heterogeneity in...

    read more

     
     

    Sinnvolle Arbeit ist identitätsstiftend – Zur Bedeutung der sozialen Identifikation als Wirkmechanismus zwischen Bedeutsamkeit der Aufgabe und Arbeitseinstellungen

    Van Dick, R. & Stegmann, S. (2015).
    Arbeit. Zeitschrift für Arbeitsforschung

    (Deutsch) Die arbeitspsychologische Forschung der letzten Jahrzehnte belegt, dass sinnvolle Arbeit, im Sinne von subjektiv wahrgenommener Wichtigkeit oder Bedeutsamkeit der eigenen Arbeit, positive Effekte auf die Arbeitenden hat. Wir postulieren, dass die Identifikation mit dem Unternehmen einen wichtigen Wirkmechanismus darstellt, der...

    read more

     
     

    The role of outgroups in constructing a shared identity: a longitudinal study of a subsidiary merger in Mexico

    Lupina-Wegener, A., Schneider, S.C., & Van Dick, R. (2015).
    Management International Review

    (Deutsch) Both scholars and practitioners agree that constructing a shared organizational identity is necessary for successful outcomes in mergers and acquisitions. Yet the process of constructing shared identity is not an easy path. We report findings of a longitudinal in-depth case...

    read more

     
     

    Media slant against foreign owners: Downsizing

    Friebel, G. & Heinz, M. (2014).
    Journal of Public Economics. 120

    (Deutsch) Using a unique data set from nationally distributed quality newspapers in Germany, we find evidence for both quantitative and qualitative media slant against foreign firms. A downsizing foreign firm receives almost twice as much attention as a domestic firm, and...

    read more

     
     

    Emails from the boss – curse or blessing? Relations between communication channels, leader evaluation and employees’ attitudes

    Braun, S., Hernandez Bark, A., Kirchner, A., Stegmann, S., & Van Dick, R. (2019).
    International Journal of Business Communication

    The present research investigates if and how a more digitally-centered communication between supervisors and employees satisfies employees’ needs regarding the communication with their supervisors, and influences employees’ attitudes towards the supervisor and the job. In a cross-sectional online study, 261...

    read more

     
     

    Why Does Organizational Identification Relate to Reduced Employee Burnout? The Mediating Influence of Social Support and Collective Efficacy

    Avanzi, L., Schuh, S.C., Fraccaroli, F., & van Dick, R. (2015).
    Work & Stress

    (Deutsch) Although prior studies have consistently shown that organizational identification can reduce employees’ stress and burnout, little is known about the mediating processes that underlie this relationship. Against this backdrop and building on recent theoretical work on the social identity model...

    read more

     
     

    Being ‘Of the Group’ and ‘For the Group’: How Followership is Shaped by Leaders’ Prototypicality and Group Identification

    Steffens, N.K., Schuh, S.C., Haslam, S.A., Perez, A., & Van Dick, R. (2015).
    European Journal of Social Psychology

    (Deutsch) Previous research has focused on the importance of leaders being seen to be of the group (i.e., to be prototypical of a group) but less on the impact of leaders’ own degree of identification with the group. Also, little is...

    read more

     
     

    Leader Punishment and Cooperation in Groups: Experimental Field Evidence from Commons Management in Ethiopia

    Kosfeld, M., & Rustagi, D. (2015).
    American Economic Review

    (Deutsch) We conduct a social dilemma experiment in which real-world leaders can punish group members as a third party. Despite facing an identical environment, leaders are found to take remarkably different punishment approaches. The different leader types revealed experimentally explain the...

    read more

     
     

    The synergistic effect of prototypicality and authenticity in the relation between leaders' gender and their organizational identification

    Monzani, L., Hernandez Bark, A.S., Van Dick, R., & Peiro, J.M. (in press).
    Journal of Business Ethics

    (Deutsch) Role congruity theory affirms that female managers face more difficulties at work because of the incongruity between the female gender role and the leadership role. Furthermore, due to this incongruity is harder for female managers to perceive themselves as authentic...

    read more

     
     

    Gesundheitsfalle Überidentifikation: Gut gemeint bedeutet nicht gut gemacht

    Van Dick, R. & Groß, M. (2014).
    Personal Quarterly

    (Deutsch) Forschungsfrage: Wir haben untersucht, ob es ein „Zuviel“ an Identifikation gibt und sich Überidentifikation auf Arbeitssucht mit negativen Folgen für die Gesundheit auswirkt. Methodik: In zwei Studien in Italien haben wir Angestellte an Gerichten ( N = 195) bzw. Lehrkräfte...

    read more

     
     

    Making support work: The interplay between social support and social identity

    Frisch, J.U., Häusser, J.A., Van Dick, R., & Mojzisch, A. (in press).
    Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

    (Deutsch) Previous research has found mixed results regarding the stress buffering effects of social support. In an attempt to explain these findings, we build on the social identity approach. Specifically, we hypothesize that social support buffers stress reactions only if a...

    read more

     
     

    Gender and leadership in Spain: A systematic review of some key aspects

    Hernandez Bark, A., Escartin, J., & van Dick, R. (2014).
    Sex Roles

    (Deutsch) As Spain experienced rapid societal and gender equality changes after the end of the dictatorship in 1975, the development of gender equality in Spain has differed from other European countries and the United States. Therefore, the results of Spanish studies...

    read more

     
     

    Who shall I trust? Trust as a mediator between identity salience and cooperative behavior

    Opitz, L., Kosfeld, M., & Van Dick, R. (2014).
    Schmalenbachs Business Review

    (Deutsch) This study aimed at exploring the role of trust as a mediating process in the relationship between group identity salience and cooperative behavior. Participants from two academic subjects (psychology and economics, respectively) had to make decisions in two cooperation games...

    read more

     
     

    Ideal- and counter-ideal values as two distinct forces: Exploring a gap in organizational value research

    Van Quaquebeke, N., Graf, M.M., Kerschreiter, R., Schuh, S.C., & Van Dick, R. (2014).
    International Journal of Management Reviews.

    (Deutsch) Motives and values at work have long been key topics of business and management studies. In a focused review of the literature on the nature of human values, we identify a disconnect with the literature on human motivation despite the...

    read more

     
     

    Leaders enhance team members’ health and well-being by crafting social identity

    (Deutsch) Previous research has examined burnout and work engagement as a function of demands and resources at work. Yet we know little about the ways in which these are determined by people’s social experience as a member of their workgroup as...

    read more

     
     

    Economic crisis and the employee: The effects of economic crisis on employee job satisfaction, commitment, and self-regulation

    Markovits, Y., Boer, D., & Van Dick, R. (2014).
    European Management Journal.

    (Deutsch) Greece has been suffering a severe crisis starting in about 2009. This paper examines the impact of the recent economic crisis in Greece on employee work-related attitudes via changes in regulatory focus. We collected data in a large and heterogeneous...

    read more

     
     

    Staying or leaving: A combined social identity and social exchange approach to predicting employee turnover intentions

    Avanzi, L., Fraccaroli, F., Sarchielli, G., Ullrich, J., & van Dick, R. (2014).
    International Journal of Performance and Productivity Management.

    (Deutsch) Purpose: The aim of this study was to combine social identity and social exchange theories into a model explaining turnover intentions. Design: Questionnaires measuring the constructs of organizational identification, perceived organizational support, emotional exhaustion and turnover intentions were completed by...

    read more

     
     

    Pro-social missions and worker motivation: An experimental study

    Fehrler, S., & Kosfeld, M. (2014).
    Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.

    (Deutsch) Do employees work harder if their job has the right mission? In a laboratory labor market experiment, we test whether subjects provide higher effort if they can choose the mission of their job. We observe that subjects do not provide...

    read more

     
     

    Can you trust the good guys? Trust within and between groups with different missions

    Fehrler, S., & Kosfeld, M. (2013).
    Economic Letters.

    (Deutsch) Non-governmental organizations and other non-profit organizations attract workers who strongly identify themselves with their missions. We study whether these ‘‘good guys’’ are more trustworthy, and how such pronounced group identities affect trust and trustworthiness within the groups and towards out-groups....

    read more

     
     

    Gender differences in leadership role occupancy: The mediating role of power motivation

    Schuh, S.C., Hernandez Bark, A., van Quaquebeke, N., Hossiep, R., Frieg, P., & Van Dick, R. (2014).
    Journal of Business Ethics.

    (Deutsch) Although the proportion of women in leadership positions has grown over the past decades, women are still underrepresented in leadership roles, which poses an ethical challenge to society at large but business in particular. Accordingly, a growing body of research...

    read more

     
     

    Loafing in the digital age: The role of computer mediated communication in the relation between perceived loafing and group affective outcomes

    Monzani, L., Ripoll, P., Peiro, J.M., & Van Dick, R. (2014).
    Computers in Human Behavior.

    (Deutsch) Teamwork has become a central practice for the organization of the 21th century. While effective teams can create synergies which boost innovation and performance, ineffective teams become a great burden for organizations. Empirical research has consistently shown that some psycho-social...

    read more

     
     

    Leaders enhance team members’ health and well-being by crafting social identity

    Steffens, N.K., Haslam, S.A., Kerschreiter, R., Schuh, S.C., & Van Dick, R. (in press).
    Zeitschrift für Personalforschung.

    (Deutsch) Previous research has examined burnout and work engagement as a function of demands and resources at work. Yet we know little about the ways in which these are determined by people’s social experience as a member of their workgroup as...

    read more

     
     

    More than music! A longitudinal test of the contact hypothesis in German-Polish music encounters

    Kuchenbrandt, D., Van Dick, R., Koschate, M., & Bornewasser, M. (in press).
    International Journal of Intercultural Relations

    (Deutsch) This research examines music encounters as a hitherto unexplored type of intergroup contact intervention. We tested the short- and mid-term effects of German–Polish music encounters that eithertook place in Germany or in Poland, respectively, on German’s attitudes towards Poles. Ninety-nine...

    read more

     
     

    Focusing on the bright tomorrow? The role of projected continuity for post-merger identification in dominant and subordinate merging organizations

    Lupina-Wegener, A., Drzensky, F., Ullrich, J., & Van Dick, R. (2014).
    British Journal of Social Psychology

    (Deutsch) Past research provides evidence that organizational identification is a key factor predicting employees’ behaviors during mergers and acquisitions. In particular, recent studies demonstrate that members of the subordinate merger partner, in contrast to the dominant group, often find it difficult...

    read more

     
     

    Corporate social responsibility and organizational commitment: The moderating role of individuals’ attitudes to CSR

    Crawshaw, J.R., Van Dick, R., & Boodhoo, Y. (in press).
    Political Psychology.

    (Deutsch) Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) becomes ever more important for organizations. In times of corporate scandals and more governmental regulation on the one hand and a foreseeable shortage of highly qualified employees on the other, CSR is both a means to...

    read more

     
     

    "We" are not stressed: Social identity in groups buffers neuroendocrine stress reactions

    Häusser, J.A., Kattenstroth, M., Van Dick, R. & Mojzisch, A. (in press).
    Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

    (Deutsch) The presence of others in threatening situations can be a mixed blessing since it is not always perceived as supportive but can also impair well-being. Building on social identity theory, we tested the idea that the presence of others only...

    read more

     
     

    Xenophobic attacks, migration intentions, and networks: evidence from the South of Africa

    Friebel, G., Gallego, J., & Mendola, M. (2013).
    Journal of Population Economics

    (Deutsch) We investigate how emigration flows from a developing region are affected by xenophobic violence at destination. Our empirical analysis is based on a unique survey among more than 1000 households collected in Mozambique in summe 2008, a few months after...

    read more

     
     

    Quantifying the effects of a resocialization project for prisoners - The resocialization project "MS Carmen"

    Wolff, M., Rohrmann, S. & van Dick, R. (2013).
    British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences

    (Deutsch) Qualitative studies have shown positive effects of theater projects conducted as measures of resocialization in the penal system on participants. The present evaluation study presents a quantitative evaluation of a musical theater project with respect to changes in participants’ core...

    read more

     
     

    Authenticity, employee silence, prohibitive voice, and the moderating role of organizational identification

    Knoll, M., & Van Dick, R. (2013).
    Journal of Positive Psychology

    (Deutsch) Authenticity is an important concept in positive psychology and has been shown to be related to well-being, health, and leadership effectiveness. The present paper introduces employee authenticity as a predictor of relevant workplace behaviors, namely, employee silence and prohibitive voice....

    read more

     
     

    Individual and group level effects of social identification on workplace bullying

    Escartin, J., Ullrich, J., Zapf, D., Schlüter, E., & Van Dick, R. (2013).
    European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology

    (Deutsch) A study of 494 employees nested in workgroups from 19 diferent organizations revealed group identification to be an important factor influencing work-related bullying at both the individual and the group level. Results show that the more employees identified with their...

    read more

     
     

    Within-person Variation in Affective Commitment to Teams: Where It Comes From and Why It Matters

    Becker, T. F., Ullrich, J. & Van Dick, R. (2013).
    Human Resource Management Review

    (Deutsch) Teamwork is crucial to organizational success and commitment to teams is an important predictor of team-related behaviors. However, theorists and researchers have typically assumed that commitment levels are generally stable within-persons, increasing or decreasing as a result of substantial organizational...

    read more

     
     

    Is an outgroup member in need a friend indeed? Personal and task-oriented contact as predictors of intergroup prosocial behavior

    (Deutsch) Intergroup contact, particularly close personal contact, has been shown to improve intergroup relations, mainly by reducing negative attitudes and emotions toward outgroups. We argue that contact can also increase intergroup prosocial behavior. More specifically, we predict that different forms of...

    read more

     
     

    For the good or the bad? Interactive effects of transformational leadership with moral and authoritarian leadership behaviors

    Schuh, S.C., Zhang, X.-a., Tian, P. (2012).
    Journal of Business Ethics.

    (Deutsch) Although the ethical aspects of transformational leadership have attracted considerable attention, very little is known about followers' reactions to the moral and immoral conduct of transformational leaders. Against this background, the current study examined whether and how transformational leadership interacts...

    read more

     
     

    Towards understanding the role of organizational identification in service settings: A multilevel, multisource study.

    Schuh, S.C., Egold, N.W., & Van Dick, R. (2012).
    European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology

    (Deutsch) Previous research has shown that organizational identification (OI) of leaders is positively related to employee OI and, in turn, linked to positive behaviours of employees towards the organization. In the present study, we argue that leader OI does not only...

    read more

     
     

    Club-in-the-club: Reform under unanimity

    Berglöf, E., Burkart, M., Friebel, G., & Paltseva, E. (2012).
    Journal of Comparative Economics

    (Deutsch) In many organizations, decisions are taken by unanimity giving each member veto power. We analyze a model of an organization in which members with heterogenous productivity privately contribute to a common good. Under unanimity, the least efficient member imposes her...

    read more

     
     

    The downside of organizational identification: Relationships between identification, workaholism and well-being

    Avanzi, L., van Dick, R., Fraccaroli, F., & Sarchielli, G. (2012).
    Work & Stress

    (Deutsch) Employee organizational identification has been proposed and found to be positively related to employee health and well-being. The empirical evidence, however, is not unequivocal, and some authors have suggested possible dark sides of identification. This potential negative effect of over-identification...

    read more

     
     

    Do I hear the whistle? A first attempt to measure four forms of employee silence and their correlates.

    Knoll, M., & Van Dick, R. (2013).
    Journal of Business Ethics

    (Deutsch) Silence in organizations refers to a state in which employees refrain from calling attention to issues at work such as illegal or immoral practices or developments that violate personal, moral or legal standards. While Morrison and Milliken (2000) discussed how...

    read more

     
     

    Leader and follower organizational identification: The mediating role of leader behavior and implications for follower OCB.

    Schuh, S.C., Zhang, X.-A., Egold, N.W., Graf, M.M., Pandey, D., & Van Dick, R. (2012).
    Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology

    (Deutsch) The transfer model of organizational identification (OI) posits a trickle-down process of OI from leaders to followers. This, in turn, should foster employees’ willingness to engage in extra-role behaviour. Prior research has provided consistent support for the model in field...

    read more

     
     

    Getting Tuned in to Those Who Are Different: The Role of Empathy as Mediator between Diversity and Performance

    Stegmann, S., Roberge, M.-E., & Van Dick, R. (2012).
    Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft

    (Deutsch) We present a theoretical model on the processes that mediate and moderate the diversity-performance relationship. Past research on this topic – for example the categorization elaboration model (van Knippenberg et al., 2004) – has often focused on information elaboration as...

    read more

     
     

    I feel bad - We feel good? Emotions as a driver for personal and organizational identity and organizational identification as a resource for serving unfriendly customers.

    Wegge, J., Schuh, S.C., & Van Dick, R. (2012).
    Stress and Health

    (Deutsch) The social identity approach is used to demonstrate how personal and organizational identity is affected by emotions at work and that organizational identification can function as a valuable resource in coping with stressors. We analysed data from an experiment with...

    read more

     
     

    It's All About Connections: Evidence on Network Formation

    Falk, A. & Kosfeld, M. (2012).
    Review of Network Economics

    (Deutsch) We present an economic experiment on network formation, in which subjects can decide to form links to one another. Direct links are costly but being connected is valuable. The game-theoretic basis for our experiment is the model of Bala and...

    read more

     
     

    Whistle-Blowing and Incentives in Firms

    Friebel, G., & Guriev, S. (2012).
    Journal of Economics & Management Strategy

    (Deutsch) Whistle-blowing is an important mechanism of corporate governance. We show that whistle-blowing has negative effects on productive efficiency by undermining the incentives within a corporate hierarchy. In our model, a top manager intends to overreport earnings; a division manager may...

    read more

     
     

    Opportunity, fair process and relationship value: Career development as a driver of proactive behavior

    Crawshaw, J.R., Van Dick, R., & Brodbeck, F.C. (2012).
    Human Resource Management Journal

    (Deutsch) In line with recent findings from organisational justice theory, we hypothesised that employee proactive behaviour and careerist orientation is predicted by the interplay of perceived favourability of career development opportunities, the perceived fairness of the procedures used to decide them,...

    read more

     
     

    How Do Transformational Leaders Foster Positive Employee Outcomes? A Self-Determination Based Analysis of Employees’ Needs as Mediating Links

    Kovjanic, S.*, Schuh, S.C.*, Jonas, K., Van Quaquebeke, N., & Van Dick, R. (2012).
    Journal of Organizational Behavior.


    (Deutsch) Although followers’ needs are a central aspect of transformational leadership theory, little is known about their role as mediating mechanisms for this leadership style. The present research thus seeks to integrate and extend theorizing on transformational leadership and self-determination. In...

    read more

     
     

    Do women behave more reciprocally than men? Gender differences in real effort dictator games

    Heinz, M., Juranek, S., Rau, H. A., (2012).
    Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization

    (Deutsch) We analyze dictator allocation decisions in an experiment where the recipients have to earn the pot to be divided with a real-effort task. As the recipients move before the dictators, their effort decisions resemble the first move in a trust...

    read more

     
     

    The Relationship Between Leaders’ Group-Oriented Values and Follower Identification with and Endorsement of Leaders: The Moderating Role of Leaders’ Group Membership

    Graf*, M.M., Schuh*, S.C., Van Quaquebeke, N., & Van Dick, R. (2012).
    Journal of Business Ethics

    (Deutsch) In this article, we hypothesize that leaders who display group-oriented values (i.e., values that focus on the welfare of the group rather than on the self-interest of the leader) will be evaluated more positively by their followers than leaders who...

    read more

     
     

    Team Governance: Empowerment or Hierarchical Control

    Friebel, G. & Schnedler, W. (2011).
    Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

    We investigate the costs and benefits of managerial interventions with a team in which workers care to different degrees about output. We show that if there are complementarities in production and if the team manager has some information about team...

    read more

     
     

    Getting More Work for Nothing? Symbolic Awards and Worker Performance.

    Kosfeld, M. & Neckermann, S. (2011).
    American Economic Journal: Microeconomics

    (Deutsch) We study the impact of status and social recognition on worker performance in a field experiment. In collaboration with an international non-governmental organization we hired students to work on a database project. Students in the award treatment were offered a...

    read more

     
     

    Competition, cooperation, and corporate culture

    Kosfeld, M., & von Siemens, F. A. (2011).
    The RAND Journal of Economics

    (Deutsch) Cooperation between workers can be of substantial value to a firm, yet its level often varies substantially between firms. We show that these differences can unfold in a competitive labor market if workers have heterogeneous social preferences and preferences are...

    read more

     
     

    Conditional Cooperation and Costly Monitoring Explain Success in Forest Commons Management

    Rustagi, D., Engel, S., & Kosfeld, M. (2010).
    Science

    (Deutsch) Recent evidence suggests that prosocial behaviors like conditional cooperation and costly norm enforcement can stabilize largescale cooperation for commons management. However, field evidence on the extent to which variation in these behaviors among actual commons users accounts for natural commons...

    read more

     
     

    Two lighthouses to navigate: Effects of ideal and counter-ideal values on follower identification and satisfaction

    Van Quaquebeke, N., Kerschreiter, R., Buxton, A.E., & Van Dick, R. (2010).
    Journal of Business Ethics

    (Deutsch) Ideals (or ideal values) help people to navigate in social life. They indicate at a very fundamental level what people are concerned about, what they strive for, and what they want to be affiliated with. Transferring this to a leader–follower...

    read more

     
     

    The role of job-related spatial mobility in constructing gender relations in society and in intimate relationships in Germany and Poland.

    Hofmeister, H., Hünefeld, A. L. und Proch, C. (2010).
    Zeitschrift für Familienforschung

    (Deutsch) Der Artikel untersucht die Aufteilung von Hausarbeit und Kinderbetreuung auf Basis von Selbsteinschätzungen berufsbedingter räumlicher mobiler und nicht mobiler Befragter in Deutschland und Polen. Anhand von Daten des Projektes Job Mobility and Family Lives (2007) betrachten wir Personen, die mit...

    read more

     
     

    Railroad (De)Regulation - A European Efficiency Comparison

    Friebel, G., Ivaldi, M., & Vibes, C. (2010).
    Economica

    (Deutsch) We estimate the effects of reforms on railroad efficiency in Europe by using a new panel data covers most EU countries over a period of more than 20 years. A production frontier model finds efficiency increases when reforms such as...

    read more

     
     

    Fighting for Talent: Risk-shifting, Corporate Volatility, and Organizational Change

    Friebel, G. & Giannetti, M. (2009).
    Economic Journal

    (Deutsch) We show that access to finance may affect firms through the labour market. Talented workers want to realise their ideas but also seek insurance against income risk. Large firms default less often than small firms but they investigate more thoroughly...

    read more

     
     

    A social identity perspective on leadership and employee creativity.

    Hirst, G., Van Dick, R., & Van Knippenberg, D. (2009).
    Journal of Organizational Behavior

    (Deutsch) This research uses a social identity analysis to predict employee creativity. We hypothesized that team identification leads to greater employee creative performance, mediated by the individual's creative effort. We hypothesized that leader inspirational motivation as well as leader team prototypicality...

    read more

     
     

    Institution Formation in Public Goods Games.

    Kosfeld, M., Okada, A., & Riedl, A. (2009).
    American Economic Review

    (Deutsch) Sanctioning institutions are of utmost importance for overcoming free-riding tendencies and enforcing outcomes that maximize group welfare in social dilemma situations. We investigate, theoretically and experimentally, the endogenous formation of institutions in public goods provision. Our theoretical analysis shows that...

    read more

     
     

    Worker Self-Selection and the Profits from Cooperation.

    Kosfeld, M. & von Siemens, F. (2009).
    Journal of the European Economic Association

    (Deutsch) We investigate a competitive labor market with team production. Workers differ in their motivation to exert team effort, and types are private information. We show that there can exist a separating equilibrium in which workers self-select into different firms and...

    read more

     
     

    The role of leaders in internal marketing.

    Wieseke, J., Ahearne, M., Lam, S.K., & Van Dick, R. (2009).
    Journal of Marketing

    (Deutsch) There is little empirical research on internal marketing despite its intuitive appeal and anecdotal accounts of its benefits. Adopting a social identity theory perspective, the authors propose that internal marketing is fundamentally a process in which leaders instill into followers...

    read more

     
     

    Substitutes for procedural fairness: Prototypical leaders are endorsed whether they are fair or not.

    Ullrich, J., Christ, O., & Van Dick, R. (2009).
    Journal of Applied Psychology

    (Deutsch) This article extends research on leader procedural fairness as well as the social identity model of leadership effectiveness (SIMOL) by demonstrating that leader prototypicality can act as a substitute for procedural fairness. Although procedural fairness in general and voice in...

    read more

     
     

    Group diversity and group identification: The moderating role of diversity beliefs.

    Van Dick, R., Van Knippenberg, D., Hägele, S., Guillaume, Y.R.F., & Brodbeck, F. (2008).
    Human Relations

    (Deutsch) Research on diversity in teams and organizations has revealed ambiguous results regarding the effects of group composition on workgroup performance. The categorization—elaboration model (van Knippenberg et al., 2004) accounts for this variety and proposes two different underlying processes. On the...

    read more

     
     

    Widening and Deepening: Reforming the European Union.

    Berglof. E., Burkart, M., Friebel, G., & Paltseva, E. (2008).
    American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings)

    (Deutsch) The European Union is the product of a unique institutional process: individual states, often with a history of belligerent relationships, have gradually given up ever more sovereignty to produce an increasing number of common goods, including the Single Market, a...

    read more

     
     

    Interactive effects of work group and organizational identitification on job satisfaction and extra-role behavior.

    Van Dick, R., Van Knippenberg, D., Kerschreiter, R., Hertel, G., & Wieseke, J. (2008).
    Journal of Vocational Behavior

    (Deutsch) Past research has focused on the differential relationships of organizational and work group identification with attitudes and behavior. However, no systematic effort has been undertaken yet to explore interactive effects between these foci of identification. We predicted that in cases...

    read more

     
     

    The Dynamics of Neighbourhood Watch and Norm Enforcement.

    Kosfeld, M. & Huck, S. (2007).
    Economic Journal

    (Deutsch) We propose a dynamic model of neighbourhood watch schemes. While the state chooses punishment levels, apprehension of criminals depends on the watchfulness of citizens. We show that, contrary to standard intuition, crime levels can increase in punishments. This is because...

    read more

     
     

    Relationships between leader and follower organizational identification and implications for follower attitudes and behaviour

    Van Dick, R., Hirst, G., Grojean, M.W., & Wieseke, J. (2007).
    Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology

    (Deutsch) We present a multi-sample multi-level approach that examines the link between leader and follower organizational identification, and follower attitudes. Study 1 comprises 367 school teachers and 60 head teachers in Germany. The results illustrate a significant relationship between head teacher...

    read more

     
     

    The Hidden Cost of Control

    Kosfeld, M. & Falk, A. (2006).
    American Economic Review

    (Deutsch) We analyze the consequences of control on motivation in an experimental principalagent game, where the principal can control the agent by implementing a minimum performance requirement before the agent chooses a productive activity. Our results show that control entails hidden...

    read more

     
     

    Late 20th century persistence and decline of the female homemaker in Germany and the United States

    Grunow, D., Hofmeister, H. und Buchholz, S. (2006).
    International Sociology

    (Deutsch) The article compares changes in West German and American women's mid-career job exits and re-entries and introduces an innovative event-history model to compare mobility across three decades using 1940s and 1950s birth cohorts from the German Life History Study and...

    read more

     
     

    Boundary spanners’ identification, intergroup contact and effective intergroup relations

    Richter, A., West, M.A., Van Dick, R., & Dawson, J.F. (2006).
    Academy of Management Journal

    (Deutsch) We examined the relationship between group boundary spanners' work group identification and effective (i. E. , harmonious and productive) intergroup relations in 53 work groups in five health care organizations. The data suggest this relationship was moderated by boundary spanners'...

    read more

     
     

    Smuggling Humans: A Theory of Debt-Financed Migration

    Friebel, G. & Guriev, S. (2006).
    Journal of the European Economic Association

    (Deutsch) We introduce financial constraints in a theoretical analysis of illegal immigration. Intermediaries finance the migration costs of wealth-constrained migrants, who enter temporary servitude contracts to pay back the debt. These debt/labor contracts are more easily enforceable in the illegal than...

    read more

     
     

    Attaching Workers Through In-kind Payments: Theory and Evidence from Russia"

    Friebel, G. & Guriev, S. (2005).
    The World Bank Economic Review

    (Deutsch) External shocks may cause a decline in the productivity of fixed capital in certain regions of an economy. Exogenous obstacles to migration make it hard for workers in those regions to reallocate to more prosperous regions. In addition, firms may...

    read more

     
     

    Geographic Mobility of Couples in the United States: Relocation and Commuting Trends

    Hofmeister, H. (2005).
    Zeitschrift für Familienforschung

    (Deutsch) I propose that the rising number of dual-earner couples in the United States impacts the trend toward declining residential mobility and rising commute times. I describe these mobility trends in the United States, first relocation trends and then daily commuting...

    read more

     
     

    It's not only clients: Studying emotion work with clients and co-workers with an event-sampling approach

    Tschan, F., Rochat, S., & Zapf, D. (2005).
    Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology

    (Deutsch) A group of 78 young employees in service and non-service professions reported 848 task related interactions at work over 1 week using a variant of the Rochester Interaction Record which measured emotion work requirements, emotional dissonance, and deviance. Multi-level analyses...

    read more

     
     

    Neuroeconomic Foundations of Trust and Social Preferences

    Fehr, E., Fischbacher, U., & Kosfeld, M. (2005).
    American Economic Review (Papers & Proceedings)

    (Deutsch)

    read more

     
     

    Oxytocin Increases Trust in Humans

    Kosfeld, M., Heinrichs, M., Zak, P. J., Fischbacher, U., and Fehr, E. (2005).
    Nature

    (Deutsch) Trust pervades human societies. Trust is indispensable in friendship, love, families and organizations, and plays a key role in economic exchange and politics. In the absence of trust among trading partners, market transactions break down. In the absence of trust...

    read more

     
     

    A Positive Theory of "Give-away" Privatization"

    Debande, O. & Friebel, G. (2004).
    International Journal of Industrial Organization

    (Deutsch) We make a first step towards a positive theory of privatization, in a framework similar to the one of Shleifer and Vishny’s “Politicians and Firms” (QJE, 1994). In our model, a government may want to privatize because privatization can provide...

    read more

     
     

    Abuse of Authority and Hierarchical Communication

    Friebel, G. & Raith, M. (2004).
    The Rand Journal of Economics

    (Deutsch) If managers and their subordinates have the same basic qualifications, organizations can benefit from replacing unproductive superiors with more productive subordinates. This threat may induce superiors to deliberately recruit unproductive subordinates, or abuse their personnel authority in other ways, to...

    read more

     
     

    Role of perceived importance in intergroup contact

    Van Dick, R., Wagner, U., Pettigrew, T.F., Christ, O., Wolf, C., Petzel, T., Smith Castro, V., & Jackson, J.S. (2004).
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    (Deutsch) Furthering Allport's (1954) contentions for optimal contact, the authors introduce a new construct: the perceived importance of contact. They propose that perceived importance is the best proximal predictor of contact's reduction of prejudice. If individuals have opportunities for contact at...

    read more

     
     

    Customer-related social stressors and burnout

    Dormann, C., & Zapf, D. (2004).
    Journal of Occupational Health Psychology

    (Deutsch) Assesses the various forms of customer-related social stressors in different service jobs. Causes of burnout; Aspects of service work; Demonstration of the casual effects of social stressors on strains in longitudinal analysis.

    read more

     
     

    Social Stressors at Work, Irritation, and Depressive Symptoms: Accounting for Unmeasured Third Variables in a Multi-Wave Study

    Dormann, C., & Zapf, D. (2002).
    Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology

    (Deutsch) This article investigates the relationship between social stressors, comprising conflicts with co-workers and supervisors and social animosities at work, irritation and depressive symptoms. It is argued that only a few mediation hypotheses have been investigated in organizational stress research. In...

    read more

     
     

    Why negative affectivity should not be controlled in job stress research: Don't throw out the baby with the bath water

    Spector, P. E., Zapf, D., Chen, P. Y., & Frese, M. (2000).
    Journal of Organizational Behavior

    (Deutsch) In 1987 Watson, Pennebaker, and Folger wrote an influential paper in which they noted the potential importance of negative affectivity (NA) in job stress research, going so far as to suggest the provocative hypothesis that NA biased self-reports of most...

    read more

     
     

    Social Support, Social Stressors at Work and Depression: Testing for Moderating Effects with Structural Equations in a 3-wave Longitudinal Study

    Dormann, C., & Zapf, D. (1999).
    Journal of Applied Psychology

    (Deutsch) This study investigated the moderating effects of social support by supervisors and colleagues relative to social stressors at work and depressive symptoms using a structural equations approach in a 9-wave longitudinal study over 1 year. The analyses were based on...

    read more

     

    Recent News & Events

    Recent Video Interviews

    Goethe Universität Frankfurt