Health in organizations
Throughout the past few years, health has become increasingly important within organizations for several reasons. First, absence from work costs the economy billions and secondly, every employer is expected to take care of their employees’ health, due to laws on health and safety protection at the workplace. Many organizations realize that healthy and productive employees are an essential parameter of success and that the employees’ health constitutes an important leadership task.Maintaining health and productivity play a central role in dealing with a shortage of young employees, caused by demographic changes.
Taking care of the employees’ health therefore is not only the responsibility of the health and safety protection and the company physician. Modern stress theories analyze a broad spectrum of psychological demands – not only the classical quantitatively excessive demands and different task-related demands but also social stressors (e.g. conflicts and a negative work climate), resulting from interactions with leaders and colleagues or in the service sector resulting from interactions with customers. Apart from this, resources are of great importance. Resources positively influence a working person and specific resources such as action latitude or social support allow the individual to better deal with stressors. To ensure people can reduce stressors and increase resources, our models focus on the design of working systems and the social system and the organizational culture. Therefore, in our opinion the topic “Health in Organizations” has to be addressed,especially by executive managers and the human resource management.
- Zapf, D. & Semmer, N. K. (2004.). Stress und Gesundheit in Organisationen. In H. Schuler (Hrsg.) Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Themenbereich D Praxisgebiete, Serie III Wirtschafts-, Organisations- und Arbeitspsychologie, Band 3 (2. Aufl., S. 1007-1112). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
- Semmer, N. K. & Zapf, D. (2004). Gesundheitsbezogene Interventionen in Organisationen. In H. Schuler (Hrsg.) Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Themenbereich D Praxisgebiete, Serie III Wirtschafts-, Organisations- und Arbeitspsychologie, Band 4 (2. Aufl., S. 773-843). Göttingen: Hogrefe.